IT Career Options

I have worked in IT for over 25 years and I’ve often been asked “How can I start my career in IT”? Whenever someone asks me this question, my answer is always ‘which field/area of IT are you looking to venture into’?

I ask because, unbeknown to many aspiring professionals, Information Technology is a very wide area which affords many different career paths, dependent on the skills and interests of the budding professional. .

Information Technology is more than the mere fixing or supporting of computers and its peripherals; it involves planning, gathering and processing of information, collaboration between similar and dissimilar applications and connectivity between such devices; data and document management, application design and development desktop and mobile), application security, device/peripheral security etc. Here are a few career options for budding IT professionals:

Infrastructure/Cloud Architecture, Management and Administration

This category involves the planning, designing, implementation and support of IT Infrastructure including the Cloud (GCP, AWS, Azure being the main ones) and internal systems such as email, CRM, Windows, Unix, Linux, and Web servers.

Information and Infrastructure Security

This category involves the security and protection of infrastructure from intruders, and the confidentiality, integrity, availability, and security of data within and across networks, including implementing Firewalls, Intrusion Detection Systems and Antivirus

Database Architecture, Management and Administration

This category involves the Design & Implementation, Managing and Support of database management systems (DBMS) software such as MS SQL, MySQL, Oracle, Sybase etc.

Web/Software/Application Architecture and Development

This category involves the design of websites, software and applications by breaking software into its various software/applications components, related interfaces, testing and the final module(s) or functionality.


This category involves the management of all resources related to IT, i.e. budget control, staffing, change and incident management. IT managers are responsible for the overall governance and strategic planning of IT within an organization.


This category is responsible for the implementation of optimum data storage with disaster recovery and business continuity in mind.

Sales and Procurement

This category involves the procurement and sales of IT resources, i.e Hardware, Applications and Staffing

Data Scientists and Analysts

This category involves the collection, processing, and analysis of raw data to convert this into meaningful information to be used by a company to drive innovation and growth.

There are clearly many areas of IT which are not covered above, but my advice is to identify your strengths and talents, discuss these with an established IT professional, and work out where you might fit in within the industry.


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